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| Fauna of Finland |

         
© Ari Kakko   © Ari Kakko    

Fauna, flora and fungi of Finland

It is estimated that there are at least 45 000 species of animals, plants and fungi in Finland (Rassi ym. 2010). The number of known species is about 27 000 animal, 4500 plant and 7500 fungal species. Insects make up the overwhelmingly largest group in Finland, with over 20 000 known species out of a total estimated to be over 30 000 species. Also in fungi and some other groups the number of unknown species is without question considerable.

The following estimates of numbers of species in different groups are primarily based on the 2010 Red List of Finnish Species (Rassi ym. 2010).

Birds (Aves): 256 nesting species, in all 468 species observed.
Reptiles (Reptilia): 5
Mammals (Mammalia): 80
Fishes (Pisces s.l.): 102
Amphibians (Amphibia): 7
Annelids (Annelida): 179
Molluscs (Mollusca): 165
Arachnids (Arachnida): 2200
Crustaceans (Crustacea): 350
Myriapods (Myriapoda): 63
Insects: over 20000
empty- Bristletails (Thysanura): 6
empty- Leapers (Orthoptera): 32
empty- Earwigs (Dermaptera): 3
empty- Cockroaches (Blattodea): 4
empty- True bugs (Hemiptera): 1542
empty- Net-winged insects (Neuroptera): 57
empty- Dobsonflies and fishflies (Megaloptera): 5
empty- Snakeflies (Raphidioptera): 3
empty- Scorpionflies (Mecoptera): 6
empty- Booklice (Psocoptera): 71
empty- Thrips (Thysanoptera): 151
empty- Caddisflies (Trichoptera): 218
empty- Butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera): 2559 (>> list of produced barcodes)
empty- Flies and mosquitoes (Diptera): 6400
empty- Twisted-winged parasites (Strepsiptera): 5
empty- Fleas (Siphonaptera): 54
empty- Ants, bees and wasps (Hymenoptera): 7100
empty- Beetles (Coleoptera): 3697
Vascular plants (Tracheobionta): 3550
Bryophytes (Bryophyta): 892
Lichens (Lichenes): 1832
Fungi and Myxomycetes (Protista): 5584
empty- Agaricoid & Boletoid fungi: 1 821
empty- Aphyllophorales & Heterobasidiomycetes: 950
empty- Gasteromycetoid fungi: 79
empty- Pucciniomycetes, Ustilaginomycotina: 407 lajia
empty- Ascomycota: 2 106
empty- Myxomycetes: 204


 

 


 
         
 

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